DALIT CHRISTIAN DEMANDS

29/11/2010

Dalit Christians belong to the ancient indigenous people of the land of India and for the past fifty nine years they were struggling for their basic right to live as human beings.Dalit Christians are fighting for their legitimate rights and privileges provided for the Dalits by the Constitution of India.
The Constitution of India has provided the Dalits with compensatory discrimination or affirmative action, but since 1950 the Government of India has deprived Christian Dalits of such rights.
The majority of Dalit Christians are
Economically poor,
Educationally backward,
Politically powerless   and
Socially outcaste.
For this reason the Dalit Christians demand that the Indian Government restore their legitimate rights and cease to discriminate against them on grounds of religion.
Commissions
Elayaperumal Commission (1969): Report of the Elayaperumal Commission in Para 32 says “The Committee found during tours that all Scheduled Castes who got themselves converted to religions other than Hinduism should be given all concessions which are available to Scheduled Castes. This is because the Committee found during tours that they suffer from the same disabilities which the Scheduled Castes suffer.”
Mandal Commission (1980): The Mandal Commission in 1980 supported that Scheduled Castes converted to Christianity be treated as Scheduled Caste as their conversion did not change the conditions of socially, economically and educationally.
Misra Commission (2004): Justice Misra, a former chief justice of India, has accepted the demand raised by Dalit Christians for 59 years urging the Government not to discriminate against them on grounds of their religion, but to once again extend to them the political, economic and development privileges accorded to all Dalits by the Constitution of India when it was signed into law on 26th January 1950. These rights were taken away brutally by the Presidential Order of 1950 which strengthened the rightwing fundamentalist religious lobby and which continues to constitute a slur on the Secular foundations of the Indian Nation. The commission has accepted that caste transcends religion and caste discrimination is present in all religious communities.
Inclusion in the Scheduled Castes
Dalit Christians should be accorded the same reservation and welfare benefits that are granted to the Scheduled Castes professing the Hindu, Sikh, and Neo-Buddhist religions under the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950 as, amended in 1956 and 1990. The Dalit Christians should be given the Scheduled Caste status and privileges so that they can enjoy the same political rights and socio-economic benefits as all other Scheduled Castes.
Definition of the Scheduled Caste
The expression ‘Scheduled Castes’ was used for those people who were kept outside the fourfold Varna (caste) system, and were called Avarnas (casteless). They were called by different names such as: Chandalas, Panchamas or Untouchables.  The term “Scheduled Caste” was used by the British Government to designate all castes and classes previously covered under the term “Depressed Classes”. Officially this word was embodied in Section 305 of the Government of India Act, 1935, Later the expression was included in the Government of India (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1936.
The Indian Constitution, Article 366
“Scheduled Caste”   means such castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within such castes, races or tribes as are deemed under article 341 to be Scheduled Castes for the purposes of this Constitution.
The Indian Constitution, on the basis of its Article 341 (1) only empowers the President of India to specify the castes, races or tribes or parts or groups within castes that can be deemed to be Scheduled Castes.  It is then the role of Parliament to make law concerning the groups thus designated.
Article 341, Scheduled Castes
The President may with respect to any State or Union territory, and where it is a State, after consultation with the Governor thereof, by public notification, specify the castes, races or tribes or parts of or groups within castes, races or tribes which shall for the purposes of this Constitution be deemed to be Scheduled Castes in relation to that State or Union territory, as the case may be.
In 1950, while exercising the powers conferred on him in Article 341 (1), the President of India promulgated an order known as The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950. This Order of 1950 continued to use the same list used in the Government of India (Scheduled Castes) Order of 1936.  The third paragraph of the 1950 Order reads:-
Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraph 2, No person who professes a religion different from Hindu shall be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste.
This third Paragraph was amended in 1956 and in 1990 in favor of Sikh and Buddhist Dalits.
Amendment of 1956 in favor of ‘Dalit SIKHS’
Following agitation by Master Tara Singh, the Constitution (Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes) Orders (Amendment) Act, providing for inclusion of Dalit Sikhs in the list of the Scheduled Castes, was passed in 1956. It said:-
“Notwithstanding anything contained in Para 2, No person who professes a religion different from the Hindu or Sikh religion shall be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste.”
Amendment of 1956 in favor of ‘Dalit Buddhists ‘
In May 1990, to commemerate the centenary of the birth of Dr. Ambedkar, Prime Minister V.P.Singh brought Dalits who converted to Buddhism into the list of Scheduled Castes. He made representations to Parliament that this change of religion, from Hindu to Buddhist, had not altered their social, economic or educational conditions.  The same should be acknowledged in the case of Dalits who become Christians.
“Notwithstanding anything contained in Para 2, No person who professes a religion different from the Hindu, the Sikh or the Buddhist religion shall be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste.”
Justification
The allegation not to give Scheduled Caste status to Dalit Christians on the ground that Christianity does not have caste, they why Scheduled Caste status given to those Scheduled Caste origins to Sikhism and Buddhism as both the religions does not have caste.
On the other hand, if reservation for only those religions that practices castes then Dalit Christians also deserve it because they suffer caste stigma among Indian society.
Dalit Christians suffer caste oppressed before and after their conversion.They suffer Religious persecution from religious fanatics and constitutional denial of their statutory from Presidential SC/ST order 1950.
Dalit Christians seeking to be included in Scheduled Caste status is the constitution, birth and fundamental rights.
Conclusion
Today Dalit Christians are asking only for their fundamental rights.Dalit Christians belong to the same caste and undergo the same age-old suffering and oppression as other Dalits.Dalit Christians live under the same system of oppression, deprived of   justice and human dignity.
The economic condition of Dalit converts is in no way different from that of their counterparts – the Dalits who are not converts.Dalit Christians suffer from a high incidence of atrocities and economic and social disabilities owing to the government’s reluctance to modify its discriminatory policy on   reservation.
Christians feel that this religion-based discrimination is in violation of Article 15 (1) and contravenes the provisions of Article 15 (4) of the Constitution of India. Constitutional principles prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
At stake is the fate of 19 million Dalit Christians, who form 70% of the Indian Christians.  In the whole country, Indian Christians total 25 million.  They are not asking for any expansion of the Scheduled Caste list or any increase in the reservation quota. They only want to be included in the present list.  This can be done by introducing a new bill in Parliament.
Reference
1. www.dalitchristians.com/Html/demands.htm
2. M. Madhu Chandra – 16 July, 2007 – Countercurrents.org
3. Rangnath Commission Report tabled in Parliament, ummid.com & Agencies
4.www.ummid.com/news/December/19.12.2009/christian_groups_demand_im        plementation_misra_report.htm
Joseph.P
Executive Director
THACRA SOCIAL SERVICE ORGANISATION
Chennai – Tamil Nadu – South India

 Courtesy: http://eparinay.com/blog/2010/08/03/dalit-christian-demands/


CENTRAL GOVT LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES-OBCs-KARNATAKA STATE

02/11/2010

CENTRAL LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES

Sl.No. Name of the Castes/Sub-castes/Synonyms/ Entry No. in the
Communities Central List
KARNATAKA
1 Agasa,Lingayat Agasa, Sakala, Madivala/Madivalaru 55
Lingayat Madivala, Sakalavadu, Tsakala, Chakala,
Vannan, Dhobi, Parit, Rajaka
2 Aghori, Karkarmunda 56
3 Agnani 57
4 Ambalavasi, Ambalakarma, Ambalakaran 58
5 Ambattan 59
6 Anduran 60
7 Atari, Athari 61
8 Bahurupi 62
9 Bailapatar, Bailpatar, Bilapatar 1
10 Bairagi, Bava, Bavaji, Byaragi, Bavani 2
11 Bajania, Bajenia 3
12 Bakadra 63
13 Balasanthoshi 4
14 Balija, Balajiga,Banajiga, Bale Balajiga, 167
Dasa Banajiga, Naidu, Bhogam/Teluga, Telaga Balija,
Teluga Banajiga, Setty Balija, Setty Banajiga,
Kasban, Mannur/Munnar, Mutrasi, Matracha,
Janappan, Balegara, Lingayat Balegala/Baleshettaru
15 Bathal,Battal, Batter, Battar 64
16 Bawtar 65
17 Bazigar 5
18 Bedaru, Valimiki, Barki, Parivara, Bendar, Berad, 6
Boya, Naikamakkalu, Naikwadi, Palegar, Remoshi,
Talwar,Valmikimakkalu, Vedan, Parivara Nayaka
19 Beria 7
20 Beshtar, Bunde-Beshta 8
21 Bhamta,Bhompta, Paradeshi Bhampta, Bhomptra, 9
Takari, Uchillian
22 Bandhari 180
23 Bhardi,Bhargi 10
24 Bhaat,Bhatraj, Bohrot, Bhatraju 66
25 Bhavin 67
26 Binapatta 68
27 Bingi 69
28 Bogad,Bogadi, Bagadi, Bogodi, Bagaadi, Bagdi, Bagodi 70
29 Budbudki, Budbudkala, Devari, Joshi 11
30 Chaliyan, Teruvan, Challiya 71
31 Chamboti 72
32 Chambukutti 73
33 Chapper Band (Muslim) 13
Chapper Banda
34 Chaptegar,Chaptegara 74
35 Chara,Chhar, Chhara 12
36 Charodi,Mestha 75
37 Chitara 76
38 Chitrakathijoshi 14
39 Chunchar 77
40 Dang-Dasar 15
41 Darvesu 16
42 Darzi, Bhavasar Karshatriya, Chippi, Chippiga, 157
Simpi, Shimpi, Lingayat Simpy, Sivasimpy, Sai,
Mirai, Rangari, Rangrez, Nilari, Namdev,
Namdev Simpy, Rangare, Neelagar,
Lingayat Neelagar
43 Devadiga, Devadigar, Moili, Moyili, Devadig,Devali, 162
Sappaliga, Sheregar, Servegar, Suplig
44 Devanga,Devang, Koshti, Hutgar/Hutkar, Jed, 158
Lingayat Bilijedaru/Jeda, Winkar, Julohi, Hulkar,
Hatagar, Lingayat Hatgar
45 Digwan, Jingar 78
46 Dholi 17
47 Dombi-Dasaru 18
48 Durgamurga, Burburcha 19
49 Full-Mali,Baghban,Bagban,Bagwan 177
50 Gabit, Gabbit, Gapit, Gaabit, Daalji,Daavat 86
51 Gangakula, Gangemakkalu, Gangamatha, 87
Gangaputra, Gowrimatha, Ambig, Ambiga, Bestha,
Kabbaliga, Kabbili, Kabber, Kabbera, Kharvi, Bhoi,
Bhoyi, Boyi, Thoreya, Harakanthra, Hariakanthra,
Kahar,Meenagar,Mogaveera,Kharia,Sunagara,
Siviyar,Parivara, Galadakonkani
52 Ganiga,Lingayat Ganiga/Ganigar, Lingayat Sajjan/ 164
Sajjanaganigar, Teli, Gandla
53 Gatti/Gattiyavaru 152
54 Ghadi 79
55 Ghadshi, Ghadsi 80
56 Ghisadi 21
57 Giddidki, Pingle, Pingale 81
58 Golla,Gouli,Lingayat gowli/Gauli/Kawadiga, Gopal, Yadav, 22
Asthanagolla, Yadava, Adavigolla, Gopala, Gopali
59 Gondali,Ghondali, Gondaliga, Gondhali, Gondhalli 23
60 Goniga, Sadu Setty, Sadhu Chetty, Sadhu Setty, 82
Sadhu Chetty, Sadhu Shetty, Telugu Chetty,
Telugu Chettiar, Telugu Shetty, Telugu Setty,
Telungupatti Chetty, Telungu Chetty, Telungu Chettiar,
24 Mane Telugu Shetty, 24 Mane Telugu Chetty,
24 Mane Telugu Chettiar, 24 Manai Telugu Shetty,
24 Manai Telugu Chetty, 24 Manai Telugu Chettiar,
Salaparu, Sanaparu, Sanapar, Salapar, Janapar,
Janapan,Janapachetty, Janapashetty, Janapasetty,
Gonichetty, Gonigamane
61 Gosavi,Gosayi, Gosain, Atit 83
62 Gudigara 153
63 Gujar,Guzar 84
64 Gurav, Lingayat Gurav, Gurov, Tambli, Tamballa, Gurava, 85
Gurou
65 Halakki Vokkalu, Vakkal, Gram Vakkal, 54
Gam Gowda, Gam Gawda, Gavada, Kare Vokkalu,
Kunchavakkal, Atte Vokkalu, Shilwakkal, Halakkivakkal
66 Hanabaru, Krishna Golla, Anubaru, Atanabaru, Hanbar 88
Hanabar
67 Handervut 90
68 Handevazir 89
69 Haranshikari,Chigaribetegar, Vaghri, Wagiri, 24
Nirshikari, Bagri, Baori, Phasachari,Vagri
70 Helava,Holeva 25
71 Hindu Sadaru 184
72 Honniyar 91
73 Hoovadiga, Hugar, Hoogar, LingayatHugar/Hoogara 92
Hoogaran, Maalgar, Lingayat Malgar, Mali, Phoolmali,
Phulmali, Phulari, Phoolari, Jeer, Lingayat Jeer
74 Howgar,Hawgar, Hawadiga 26
75 Idiga,Ediga, Eliga,Iliga, Halepaik, Billava, Devar, 155
Malayali Billava, Deevar, Devaramakkalu, Namdhari,
Kalal,Goundla, Goondla, Thiyan, Tiyan, Ezhava,Thiyya
76 Javeri, Jawari 27
77 Jogi,Joger, Sanjogi, Jogar 29
78 Johari 28
79 Kadu Konkani 93
80 Kalkari, Kelkari, Khelkari 35
81 Kamati,Kaman 31
82 Kanate 94
83 Kanbi, Kulwadi, Kunbi 109
84 Kanisan, Kaniyar, Kaniyaru, Kaniya,Kaniyan, 106
(Other than Kollegal Taluqa of Mysore District),
Kanyan, Balyaya
85 Kanjari, Kanjar, Kanjir 33
86 Kanjirbhat,Khanjarbhat, Kanjirbhaat 32
87 Karikudumbi 95
88 Karuva 96
89 Kasai, Katik, Khatik, Katuka, Katuga, Kasab, Aray 97
90 Kasar,Kansar,Kanchori, Kanchera, Kanchugara, Bogara 98
91 Kasbin 99
92 Kashikapdi, Kashikapadi,Tirumali 34
93 Katabu,Katabar 36
94 Kavadi 100
95 Kavutian 101
96 Kichagara 102
97 Kolayan, Urali 103
98 Kolhati,Kolhatigi 37
99 Kolla, Kollala 105
100 Kalayiri, Koleri, Kolari 104
101 Korwar,Korwari, Kaikadi, Koragar, Yerkala, Erakala, 38
Kunchi, Korva, Koramasetty, Yerukala
102 Kotari,Kottari,Kotary,Kottary 173
103 Kotekshatriya,Rama Kshatriya, Ramaraja Kshatriya, 107
Servgar (South Kanara) Serugara (north Kanara)
Koteyar, Kotegara, Kotegar (other than those included
in the list of SC) Kotekar
104 Koyava 175
105 Kuruba, Kurub, Kurab, 113
Kuruban, Kurumban, Kurumba, Lingayat Kuruba/
Kurubaru, Halumatha, Dhangar, Bharwad, Goraya
106 Kudubi 108
107 Kulavadi (Sudra) 183
Marati (belonging to Uttar Kannada District)
108 Kumara Panth, Komarpant, Komarpaik 172
109 Kumbara, Kummara, Khumara, Kumbhar, Khumbhar, 112
Lingayat Kumbar/Kumbara, Kusavan, Kulala, Kulalar,
Moolya
110 Kumbri Maratha (belonging to Uttra Kannada District) 182
111 Kurma, Kurmi 110
112 Kutuna 111
113 Ladar, Lad, Ladaru, Yelegal 114
114 Lingayat Banagar 176
115 Lonari 115
116 Mannan 116
117 Maravar 154
118 Marayan, Maravan 118
119 Masaniayogi 39
120 Marta 117
121 Medari, Lingayat Medhar, Burud, Gauriga, Medara 53
122 Murrari 121
123 Modiga,Modikara, Modikar 20
124 Mudhar 119
125 Mukkavan 120
126 Other Muslims excluding 179
(i) Cutchi Memon (ii) Navayat (iii) Bohra or Bhora or Borah
(iv) Sayyid (v) Sheik (vi) Pathan (vii) Mughal
(viii) Mahdivia/Mahdavi (ix) Konkani or Jamayati Muslims
127 Nadora,Uppunador, Torke Nador, Nador/Nadavar/Nadava 122
128 Nairy 174
129 Nalki 123
130 Nandiwala 40
131 Nat,Natuva 41
132 Natha Panthi,Daurigosayi 42
133 Nayinda,Lingayat Nayinda, Nayanaja Kshatriya, 163
Nayanaja Kshatri, Hajjam/Hajama, Nhavi, Nadiga,Ambattan,
Mangala, Kelasi, Kshowrad, Kshowrik/Kshaurika/
Kshowrika, Chouriya, Navalig/Navaligara/Navi, Napitha,
Savitha, Bandari/Bhandari, Lingayat Bhandari, Bajanthri/
Bhajanthri, Lingayat Bajantri, Mahale, Hadapada,
Lingayat Hadapada, Melagara, Pariyala
134 Neygi, Pattasale, Lingayat Neygi/Nekar/Neygi, 159
Kurushinasetty, Lingayat Kuruhinashetty, Bilimagga,
Lingayat Bilimagga, Thogata, Soniga, Jamkhana,
Ayiri, Avir, Sale, Padmasale, Saale,Kailkolan,
Neikar, Jadar, Lingayat Jadaru, Swakula Sale
135 Osthan 124
136 Otari 125
137 Padit 126
138 Pamlor 42A
139 Panaba 128A
140 Panasa,Pansa 127
141 Pandara, Pandar,Pendara, Pendari, Pindari 178
142 Pandaram,Pandar, Pandara 128
143 Panika 129
144 Pannekara-Konkani 129A
145 Pattegar,Patvekari,Patregar 160
146 Patra 130
147 Patramela 131
148 Pichati 132
149 Pichguntala, Pichigunta, Pichuguntala 43
150 Pinjara, 171
Pinjari,
Nadaf,
Ladaf,
Mansoori
Dudekula
151 Pullavan 133
152 Rajput 165
153 Rajapuri, Rajpur, Balavalikar 135
154 Reinudas 134
155 Sadajoshi 30
156 Saniyaar 136
157 Sansia 44
158 Sanyasi 137
159 Sarania 45
160 Sarordi,Saroda 46
161 Satarkar 138
162 Satani,Chattada Srivaishnava,Vaishnava 166
163 Scheduled Castes Converts to Christianity 151
164 Shanan 139
165 Shikkaligar,Shikalgar,Sikkaligara 47
166 Siddi 181
167 Somavamsha Arya Kshatriya, Tambat, Nalabund, 170
Chitragar, Chitara, Chittari, Aryakshatriya and Sarige
168 Sudir,Sudra 140
169 Sutsali 141
170 Tachayiri 142
171 Takankar 48
172 Tigala,Thigala, Tigler,Vannikula, Kshatriya, 145
Vanniya, Vanniyar, Vannia Gounder,Gounder/Gownder,
Padayachi, Kander,Shambhukula Kshatriya, Agnikula
Kshatriya, Dharmaraja Kapu, Kurovan, Palli
173 Tilari,Tirali 143
174 Tilvi 144
175 Uppara, Uppar, Uppera, Lingayat Uppara/ 146
Sunnagara, Uppaliyan, Beldar, Chunar, Gavandi,
Govandi, Gavadi, Goundi, Melusakkare, Kallu
Kutiga Uppara, Melusakkreyavaru, Namada Uppara,
Sunna Uppara, Sunnagara, Padit/Padti, Uppaliga,
Uppaliga Shetty, Sagar, Sagara, Kerebandiyavaru,
Lonari, Yekkali, Yakalara
176 Vadi 49
177 Vaidu 50
178 Vasudev 51
179 Velluthedan 147
180 Vettuvan 148
181 Vir,Veer,Veeramasti 52
182 Viswakarma,Akkasale,Aksali,Lingayat Akkasali, 161
Achari, Viswa Brahmin,Daivagnya Brahmin,Kammara,
Lingayat Kammara,Ausala,Kammalan,Luhar(Kammari),
Kamsal,Lingayat Kammasali,Kamsala,Panchal,
Panchala,Sutar,Badagi,Lingayat Badiga,Badiwadla,Sony,
Sonar,Pattar,Gejjigara,Silpi
183 Vokkaliga, Vakkaliga,Sarpa Vakkaliga,Uppina 156
Kolaga Vokkaliga, Gouda/Gowda (Rural areas only)
184 Yekalar, Yaklar, Egilika 149
185 Yeralu 150

 

 


Central Government List of Other Backward Classes (OBC): Karnataka

02/11/2010

CENTRAL LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES

Sl.No. Name of the Castes/Sub-castes/Synonyms/ Entry No. in the
Communities Central List
KARNATAKA
1 Agasa,Lingayat Agasa, Sakala, Madivala/Madivalaru 55
Lingayat Madivala, Sakalavadu, Tsakala, Chakala,
Vannan, Dhobi, Parit, Rajaka
2 Aghori, Karkarmunda 56
3 Agnani 57
4 Ambalavasi, Ambalakarma, Ambalakaran 58
5 Ambattan 59
6 Anduran 60
7 Atari, Athari 61
8 Bahurupi 62
9 Bailapatar, Bailpatar, Bilapatar 1
10 Bairagi, Bava, Bavaji, Byaragi, Bavani 2
11 Bajania, Bajenia 3
12 Bakadra 63
13 Balasanthoshi 4
14 Balija, Balajiga,Banajiga, Bale Balajiga, 167
Dasa Banajiga, Naidu, Bhogam/Teluga, Telaga Balija,
Teluga Banajiga, Setty Balija, Setty Banajiga,
Kasban, Mannur/Munnar, Mutrasi, Matracha,
Janappan, Balegara, Lingayat Balegala/Baleshettaru
15 Bathal,Battal, Batter, Battar 64
16 Bawtar 65
17 Bazigar 5
18 Bedaru, Valimiki, Barki, Parivara, Bendar, Berad, 6
Boya, Naikamakkalu, Naikwadi, Palegar, Remoshi,
Talwar,Valmikimakkalu, Vedan, Parivara Nayaka
19 Beria 7
20 Beshtar, Bunde-Beshta 8
21 Bhamta,Bhompta, Paradeshi Bhampta, Bhomptra, 9
Takari, Uchillian
22 Bandhari 180
23 Bhardi,Bhargi 10
24 Bhaat,Bhatraj, Bohrot, Bhatraju 66
25 Bhavin 67
26 Binapatta 68
27 Bingi 69
28 Bogad,Bogadi, Bagadi, Bogodi, Bagaadi, Bagdi, Bagodi 70
29 Budbudki, Budbudkala, Devari, Joshi 11
30 Chaliyan, Teruvan, Challiya 71
31 Chamboti 72
32 Chambukutti 73
33 Chapper Band (Muslim) 13
Chapper Banda
34 Chaptegar,Chaptegara 74
35 Chara,Chhar, Chhara 12
36 Charodi,Mestha 75
37 Chitara 76
38 Chitrakathijoshi 14
39 Chunchar 77
40 Dang-Dasar 15
41 Darvesu 16
42 Darzi, Bhavasar Karshatriya, Chippi, Chippiga, 157
Simpi, Shimpi, Lingayat Simpy, Sivasimpy, Sai,
Mirai, Rangari, Rangrez, Nilari, Namdev,
Namdev Simpy, Rangare, Neelagar,
Lingayat Neelagar
43 Devadiga, Devadigar, Moili, Moyili, Devadig,Devali, 162
Sappaliga, Sheregar, Servegar, Suplig
44 Devanga,Devang, Koshti, Hutgar/Hutkar, Jed, 158
Lingayat Bilijedaru/Jeda, Winkar, Julohi, Hulkar,
Hatagar, Lingayat Hatgar
45 Digwan, Jingar 78
46 Dholi 17
47 Dombi-Dasaru 18
48 Durgamurga, Burburcha 19
49 Full-Mali,Baghban,Bagban,Bagwan 177
50 Gabit, Gabbit, Gapit, Gaabit, Daalji,Daavat 86
51 Gangakula, Gangemakkalu, Gangamatha, 87
Gangaputra, Gowrimatha, Ambig, Ambiga, Bestha,
Kabbaliga, Kabbili, Kabber, Kabbera, Kharvi, Bhoi,
Bhoyi, Boyi, Thoreya, Harakanthra, Hariakanthra,
Kahar,Meenagar,Mogaveera,Kharia,Sunagara,
Siviyar,Parivara, Galadakonkani
52 Ganiga,Lingayat Ganiga/Ganigar, Lingayat Sajjan/ 164
Sajjanaganigar, Teli, Gandla
53 Gatti/Gattiyavaru 152
54 Ghadi 79
55 Ghadshi, Ghadsi 80
56 Ghisadi 21
57 Giddidki, Pingle, Pingale 81
58 Golla,Gouli,Lingayat gowli/Gauli/Kawadiga, Gopal, Yadav, 22
Asthanagolla, Yadava, Adavigolla, Gopala, Gopali
59 Gondali,Ghondali, Gondaliga, Gondhali, Gondhalli 23
60 Goniga, Sadu Setty, Sadhu Chetty, Sadhu Setty, 82
Sadhu Chetty, Sadhu Shetty, Telugu Chetty,
Telugu Chettiar, Telugu Shetty, Telugu Setty,
Telungupatti Chetty, Telungu Chetty, Telungu Chettiar,
24 Mane Telugu Shetty, 24 Mane Telugu Chetty,
24 Mane Telugu Chettiar, 24 Manai Telugu Shetty,
24 Manai Telugu Chetty, 24 Manai Telugu Chettiar,
Salaparu, Sanaparu, Sanapar, Salapar, Janapar,
Janapan,Janapachetty, Janapashetty, Janapasetty,
Gonichetty, Gonigamane
61 Gosavi,Gosayi, Gosain, Atit 83
62 Gudigara 153
63 Gujar,Guzar 84
64 Gurav, Lingayat Gurav, Gurov, Tambli, Tamballa, Gurava, 85
Gurou
65 Halakki Vokkalu, Vakkal, Gram Vakkal, 54
Gam Gowda, Gam Gawda, Gavada, Kare Vokkalu,
Kunchavakkal, Atte Vokkalu, Shilwakkal, Halakkivakkal
66 Hanabaru, Krishna Golla, Anubaru, Atanabaru, Hanbar 88
Hanabar
67 Handervut 90
68 Handevazir 89
69 Haranshikari,Chigaribetegar, Vaghri, Wagiri, 24
Nirshikari, Bagri, Baori, Phasachari,Vagri
70 Helava,Holeva 25
71 Hindu Sadaru 184
72 Honniyar 91
73 Hoovadiga, Hugar, Hoogar, LingayatHugar/Hoogara 92
Hoogaran, Maalgar, Lingayat Malgar, Mali, Phoolmali,
Phulmali, Phulari, Phoolari, Jeer, Lingayat Jeer
74 Howgar,Hawgar, Hawadiga 26
75 Idiga,Ediga, Eliga,Iliga, Halepaik, Billava, Devar, 155
Malayali Billava, Deevar, Devaramakkalu, Namdhari,
Kalal,Goundla, Goondla, Thiyan, Tiyan, Ezhava,Thiyya
76 Javeri, Jawari 27
77 Jogi,Joger, Sanjogi, Jogar 29
78 Johari 28
79 Kadu Konkani 93
80 Kalkari, Kelkari, Khelkari 35
81 Kamati,Kaman 31
82 Kanate 94
83 Kanbi, Kulwadi, Kunbi 109
84 Kanisan, Kaniyar, Kaniyaru, Kaniya,Kaniyan, 106
(Other than Kollegal Taluqa of Mysore District),
Kanyan, Balyaya
85 Kanjari, Kanjar, Kanjir 33
86 Kanjirbhat,Khanjarbhat, Kanjirbhaat 32
87 Karikudumbi 95
88 Karuva 96
89 Kasai, Katik, Khatik, Katuka, Katuga, Kasab, Aray 97
90 Kasar,Kansar,Kanchori, Kanchera, Kanchugara, Bogara 98
91 Kasbin 99
92 Kashikapdi, Kashikapadi,Tirumali 34
93 Katabu,Katabar 36
94 Kavadi 100
95 Kavutian 101
96 Kichagara 102
97 Kolayan, Urali 103
98 Kolhati,Kolhatigi 37
99 Kolla, Kollala 105
100 Kalayiri, Koleri, Kolari 104
101 Korwar,Korwari, Kaikadi, Koragar, Yerkala, Erakala, 38
Kunchi, Korva, Koramasetty, Yerukala
102 Kotari,Kottari,Kotary,Kottary 173
103 Kotekshatriya,Rama Kshatriya, Ramaraja Kshatriya, 107
Servgar (South Kanara) Serugara (north Kanara)
Koteyar, Kotegara, Kotegar (other than those included
in the list of SC) Kotekar
104 Koyava 175
105 Kuruba, Kurub, Kurab, 113
Kuruban, Kurumban, Kurumba, Lingayat Kuruba/
Kurubaru, Halumatha, Dhangar, Bharwad, Goraya
106 Kudubi 108
107 Kulavadi (Sudra) 183
Marati (belonging to Uttar Kannada District)
108 Kumara Panth, Komarpant, Komarpaik 172
109 Kumbara, Kummara, Khumara, Kumbhar, Khumbhar, 112
Lingayat Kumbar/Kumbara, Kusavan, Kulala, Kulalar,
Moolya
110 Kumbri Maratha (belonging to Uttra Kannada District) 182
111 Kurma, Kurmi 110
112 Kutuna 111
113 Ladar, Lad, Ladaru, Yelegal 114
114 Lingayat Banagar 176
115 Lonari 115
116 Mannan 116
117 Maravar 154
118 Marayan, Maravan 118
119 Masaniayogi 39
120 Marta 117
121 Medari, Lingayat Medhar, Burud, Gauriga, Medara 53
122 Murrari 121
123 Modiga,Modikara, Modikar 20
124 Mudhar 119
125 Mukkavan 120
126 Other Muslims excluding 179
(i) Cutchi Memon (ii) Navayat (iii) Bohra or Bhora or Borah
(iv) Sayyid (v) Sheik (vi) Pathan (vii) Mughal
(viii) Mahdivia/Mahdavi (ix) Konkani or Jamayati Muslims
127 Nadora,Uppunador, Torke Nador, Nador/Nadavar/Nadava 122
128 Nairy 174
129 Nalki 123
130 Nandiwala 40
131 Nat,Natuva 41
132 Natha Panthi,Daurigosayi 42
133 Nayinda,Lingayat Nayinda, Nayanaja Kshatriya, 163
Nayanaja Kshatri, Hajjam/Hajama, Nhavi, Nadiga,Ambattan,
Mangala, Kelasi, Kshowrad, Kshowrik/Kshaurika/
Kshowrika, Chouriya, Navalig/Navaligara/Navi, Napitha,
Savitha, Bandari/Bhandari, Lingayat Bhandari, Bajanthri/
Bhajanthri, Lingayat Bajantri, Mahale, Hadapada,
Lingayat Hadapada, Melagara, Pariyala
134 Neygi, Pattasale, Lingayat Neygi/Nekar/Neygi, 159
Kurushinasetty, Lingayat Kuruhinashetty, Bilimagga,
Lingayat Bilimagga, Thogata, Soniga, Jamkhana,
Ayiri, Avir, Sale, Padmasale, Saale,Kailkolan,
Neikar, Jadar, Lingayat Jadaru, Swakula Sale
135 Osthan 124
136 Otari 125
137 Padit 126
138 Pamlor 42A
139 Panaba 128A
140 Panasa,Pansa 127
141 Pandara, Pandar,Pendara, Pendari, Pindari 178
142 Pandaram,Pandar, Pandara 128
143 Panika 129
144 Pannekara-Konkani 129A
145 Pattegar,Patvekari,Patregar 160
146 Patra 130
147 Patramela 131
148 Pichati 132
149 Pichguntala, Pichigunta, Pichuguntala 43
150 Pinjara, 171
Pinjari,
Nadaf,
Ladaf,
Mansoori
Dudekula
151 Pullavan 133
152 Rajput 165
153 Rajapuri, Rajpur, Balavalikar 135
154 Reinudas 134
155 Sadajoshi 30
156 Saniyaar 136
157 Sansia 44
158 Sanyasi 137
159 Sarania 45
160 Sarordi,Saroda 46
161 Satarkar 138
162 Satani,Chattada Srivaishnava,Vaishnava 166
163 Scheduled Castes Converts to Christianity 151
164 Shanan 139
165 Shikkaligar,Shikalgar,Sikkaligara 47
166 Siddi 181
167 Somavamsha Arya Kshatriya, Tambat, Nalabund, 170
Chitragar, Chitara, Chittari, Aryakshatriya and Sarige
168 Sudir,Sudra 140
169 Sutsali 141
170 Tachayiri 142
171 Takankar 48
172 Tigala,Thigala, Tigler,Vannikula, Kshatriya, 145
Vanniya, Vanniyar, Vannia Gounder,Gounder/Gownder,
Padayachi, Kander,Shambhukula Kshatriya, Agnikula
Kshatriya, Dharmaraja Kapu, Kurovan, Palli
173 Tilari,Tirali 143
174 Tilvi 144
175 Uppara, Uppar, Uppera, Lingayat Uppara/ 146
Sunnagara, Uppaliyan, Beldar, Chunar, Gavandi,
Govandi, Gavadi, Goundi, Melusakkare, Kallu
Kutiga Uppara, Melusakkreyavaru, Namada Uppara,
Sunna Uppara, Sunnagara, Padit/Padti, Uppaliga,
Uppaliga Shetty, Sagar, Sagara, Kerebandiyavaru,
Lonari, Yekkali, Yakalara
176 Vadi 49
177 Vaidu 50
178 Vasudev 51
179 Velluthedan 147
180 Vettuvan 148
181 Vir,Veer,Veeramasti 52
182 Viswakarma,Akkasale,Aksali,Lingayat Akkasali, 161
Achari, Viswa Brahmin,Daivagnya Brahmin,Kammara,
Lingayat Kammara,Ausala,Kammalan,Luhar(Kammari),
Kamsal,Lingayat Kammasali,Kamsala,Panchal,
Panchala,Sutar,Badagi,Lingayat Badiga,Badiwadla,Sony,
Sonar,Pattar,Gejjigara,Silpi
183 Vokkaliga, Vakkaliga,Sarpa Vakkaliga,Uppina 156
Kolaga Vokkaliga, Gouda/Gowda (Rural areas only)
184 Yekalar, Yaklar, Egilika 149
185 Yeralu 150

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HINDUTVA

02/11/2010

HINDUTVA (Hindu-Nazism) is a nationalist political philosophy that was defined primarily by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883-1966), President of the ABHM (Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha = All India Hindu Assembly), along with K B Hedgewar & M S Golwalkar (1st & 2nd RSS chiefs), who were all enthusiastic admirers of Adolf Hitler’s “Mein Kampf”:

– “From the Indus to the Himalayas, from the Himalayas to Tibet, from Tibet to Burma and from Burma to the Southern and Western seas run the lines of the boundaries of our Land.”, V D Savarkar, ABHM 21st Session, 1939;

– “The foreign races in Hindustan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment – not even citizen’s rights.”, M S Golwalkar, 2nd RSS chief (1940-1973), 1938;

– “…if we Hindus in India grow stronger in time these Moslem friends of the league type will have to play the part of German-Jews … India must be a Hindu land, reserved for the Hindus.”, V D Savarkar, ABHM 20th Session, 1938;

– “…the Indian Mahommedans, Jews, Christians, Parsees, etc. are excluded from claiming themselves as Hindus”, V D Savarkar, ABHM 19th Session, 1937;

– “The RSS’ only aim is to polarise the Indian masses on communal lines, wherever possible in order to awaken a dormant Hindi nationalism”, K B Hedgewar, 1st RSS chief (1925-40);

– “All Hindutva opponents will get the death sentence”, Praveen Togadia, VHP secretary-general, Dec. 2002;

ORGANIZATIONS that champion Hindutva/Hindu-Nazism are known as the Sangh Parivar (Sangh Family) & include:

– the ABHM political party;

– the BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) political party which is an offshoot of ABHM;

– the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh = National Volunteers’ Organisation) within India itself which was founded in 1925 by V D Savarkar’s deputy K B Hedgewar;

– the Rashtra Sevika Samiti (= National Women Voluteers’ Committee) which is the RSS’s women’s wing;

– the HSS (Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh = Hindu Volunteers’ Organisation) which is the RSS’s main international wing;

– the ABVP (Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad = All India Students’ Council) which is the RSS’s youth wing for students;

– the VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad = World Hindu Council) which is an RSS-inspired Indian & international wing;

– the Durga Vahini (= Army of Durga) which is the VHP’s women’s wing;

– the Dharma Raksha Manch (= Religion Protection Forum) which is the VHP’s new wing for Hindu priests, holy men & “saints”;

– the HSC (Hindu Students’ Council) which is the VHP’s youth wing for students in the USA & Canada;

– the Bajrang Dal (= [Hanuman’s] Monkey Brigade) which is the VHP’s youth wing;

– even more extreme Hindu-Nazi organizations include Shiv Sena, Sri Ram Sena, Rahtriya Hindu Sena, Rashtra Raksha Sene, Hindu Munnani, Sanatan Sanstha and Hindu JanaJagruti Samiti.

Hindutva/Hindu-Nazi organizations claim it as a right, & indeed a duty, to impose their ideology throughout “Akhand Bharat”/”Akhand Hindustan” (i.e. “Undivided India” including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal & Bhutan, but not Myanmar/Burma). This would mean the forced conversion or expulsion or elimination of over 450 million non-Hindus in the region.

NOTORIOUS contemporary Hindutva/Hindu-Nazis include:

– Bal Thackeray (1926-), founder and chief of the Shiv Sena, who has called for the rise of Hindu terrorism & a Hitler-like dictatorship in India;

– K S Sudarshan (1931-), sarsanghachalak (appointed leader) of the RSS, who has said Muslm, Christian & Communist activities in India “must be curbed with an iron hand”;

– Narendra Modi (1950-), BJP Chief Minister of Gujarat & probable future president of the BJP, who has been implicated in the 2002 Gujurat violence that killed more than 1,000 people, injured about 2,500 & displaced about 150,000;

– Praveen Togadia (1957-), International General Secretary of the VHP, who has threatened death to opponents of Hindutva;

– Pramod Muthalik (1963-), founder of the Sri Ram Sena, Rahtriya Hindu Sena & Rashtra Raksha Sene, who claims to have over 1,100 Hindu suicide attackers in training.

____________________

Sources: http://www.hindustanglobe.com/?page_id=324


TAMBRAS for caste-based census

02/11/2010

The Tamil Nadu Brahmins’ Association has expressed its support to caste-based census and directed its members to extend full cooperation to officials in this exercise, according to N. Narayanan, State president of the association.

He was speaking at “Mupperum Vizha” held at Vriddhachalam on Sunday.

Mr. Narayanan felicitated K. Thirumalai, president of the Manjakuppam branch of the association, for social services done by him over a period of time. The association also felicitated V. Arunachalam, president of the Vriddhachalam branch, and centenarian Balarama Sastri.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/tamil-nadu/article861726.ece


Caste-based discrimination is crime

02/11/2010

‘Casteism is sin and caste based discrimination is crime’, affirmed Church leaders. The proclamation of this Jubilee was announced at a meeting of the Church leaders, theologians and Dalit activists, convened by the National Council of Churches in India in collaboration with the World Council of Churches. Since discrimination is contrary to the spirit of the gospel, Churches will have to be Zero Tolerance Zones with regard to the practice of caste discrimination, said the conference.

It was indeed a historic moment in the life and witness of the Churches India, since it was for the very first time church leaders, theological educators and social activists came together to wrestle with the issues relating to casteism prevalent both in Indian society and thus in the Church. They affirmed mutual partnership, and accompaniment with each other in carrying forward the mandate of Dalit liberation

“We commit to Lent 2011 to be a time of purging caste from our churches and towards developing resources, both theological and liturgical, for use of Sunday Schools, Youth Groups, Women’ s and Men’ s fellowships and church services” said the participants of this National Conference. The participants at the conference unanimously agreed on an affirmation of faith, an affirmation that condemns casteism and caste-based discrimination. This will direct the Churches toward developing a Churches Policy on Social Inclusion.

Bishop Dr. V. Devasahayam, President of Tamil Nadu Christian Council & Bishop of CSI-Madras Diocese in his opening devotion said, “The Indian Church is in a sorry state. Church will fail if it does not weed out caste within and outside. Both cannot go together as Christianity is life giving while casteism is a sin and scandal,” he further said, adding “Christ must save us from the abominable sin of caste. If He cant, then the Gospel is powerless.”

H.G. Geevergheese Mar Coorilos, Moderator of WCC-CWME exhorted the Churches on the need for Dalitisation of Indian Church, where a spirituality of dissent is expressed and experienced in our times today. He further said, “Churches have to be inclusive, and any discrimination in any form will not make it the body of Christ.”

Bishop Dr. Neethinathan, Member Bishop of the CBCI- Commission on SC/BC and Bishop of Chengalpet Catholic Diocese, called on the Churches in India to be sensitive and co-operative in owning up the issues of Dalits and to work relentlessly until we become caste-free.

Mr. Paul Divakar, General Secretary of NCDHR, welcomed the initiative to bring together the movements and Churches and challenged the Churches to translate the Holy Bible in the language of Human Rights, which can be reachable and relevant to the struggles of the Dalits today.

Ms. Rama Devi, from the Catholic Relief Service spoke on the violence against Dalits and Dalit woman, and called on the Churches to recognize the resilience of the victims in the face of suffering, while referring to the courage and witness of the survivors in the recent Kandhamal violence.

Mr. Bezawada Wilson, National Convener, Safai Karamchari Andolan, called on the leaders of the Churches to participate in the campaign to eliminate manual scavenging by 2010. He further urged, when every human being is the temple of God, let the Churches go to the temples of God that are forced into the undignified occupations like manual scavenging and liberate them from that bondage, and make the temples of God, the Churches relevant for our times.

Rev. Dr. James Massey, former Member of the National Minorities Commission, Government of India spoke on the missiological and prophetic challenges of the Churches in addressing the Dalit cause, and have called the churches to be the channels of giving ‘whole salvation’, which can bring in a transformation of the society.

The Conference was inaugurated by Bishop Dr. Taranath S. Sagar, President of NCCI, and in his opening address called on the Churches to act, for this is the moment of truth that has come. He further said, unless the Churches do the mission of God, i.e. Dalit liberation, in all sincerity and faithfulness to each of our calling, the generations next would make us accountable for not being able to live up to the task.

Office bearers of the NCCI, several heads of Churches including Bishops, Presidents, General Secretaries, theological educators, and activists from different Dalit social movements attended the conference. Rev. Dr. Deenabandhu Manchala, Programme Executive, WCC, Rev. Dr. Chandran Paul Martin, Deputy General Secretary of LWF, Ms. Constanze Ennen, Project Officer, EMW, Germany, Mr. Charlie O’ Campo, Executive Secretary, CCA-JID, Rev. Dr. Yim Tesoo, Minjung Theologian, Korea, Rev. David Haslem, Co-ordinator, Churches Support Group for Dalit Solidarity, UK, Dr. Walter Hahn, Co-ordinator, Dalit Solidarity Network, Germany, Dr. Aruna Gnanadasan, renowned lay theologian, Rev. Dr. Sathianathan Clarke, Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington DC, and several other distinguished leaders, theologians and activists participated and accompanied the process. Bishop Dr. B.S. Devamani, Chairperson of NCCI-Commission on Dalits and Rev. Asir Ebenezer, Officiating General Secretary of NCCI, and Rev. Raj Bharath Patta, Executive Secretary, NCCI Commission on Dalits gave leadership to this conference. A concrete plan of action was proposed to accompany the affirmation of faith. It was agreed that NCCI and CBCI would produce different resources for Christian nurture and ministerial formation from Dalit perspectives in order that the Church can be accompanied in this commitment.

During the conference a booklet titled “Recipes in Resilience” containing 50 recipes of beef delicacies was released by the President of NCCI to register protest against the anti-cow slaughter movement in Karnataka, and to affirm the solidarity of the Churches to the Dalit and Muslim communities who will be affected. The Chairperson of the NCCI Commission on Dalits released the posters and liturgical resources for Dalit Liberation Sunday, a joint observance of NCCI and CBCI, to be observed on 5th December 2010.

Rev. Raj Bharath Patta,

Executive Secretary,

NCCI-Commission on Dalits

 


RSS organisations linked to terror activities: Pranab

02/11/2010

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Congress-claims-proof-says-RSS-involved-in-terror/Article1-621037.aspx